Schweitzer, Albert

(1875-1965)
   theologian, philosopher, musician, musicologist, physician, missionary, Nobel laureate
   Born in Kaysersberg, Alsace, Albert Schweitzer studied at the universities of Strasbourg, Paris, and Berlin. He was ordained a curate for the Church of St. Nicolas in Strasbourg (1900) and a year later became principal of its theological seminary. He then undertook medical studies and, in 1913, went to Lambarene, Gabon, to establish a hospital where, as a medical doctor, he would treat thousands of patients each year. He settled there permanently after World War I (1924) and traveled to Europe and America only to give organ concerts. As a theologian, he did research on Jesus and Saint Paul and, as a philosopher, is the author of such works as Philosophie de la culture, Culture et Éthique, and Les Grandes Penseurs de l'Inde. As a musicologist, he wrote a study of Bach (J-S. Bach, le musicien poète, 1905). Concerned always with ethics, Schweitzer put forth a philosophy based on a "reverence for life," embracing compassion for all forms of life. His ideals have had considerable influence in on modern thought and ethics. A world-renowned humanitarian, as well as an ethical philosopher of the modern age, he outlined his own life and thought in À l'orée de la forêt vierge, Ma vie et mes pensées (1960), in which it is apparent that the scope of his interests were unified especially by the profound spiritual meaning that he found in the natural world. Schweitzer was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1952.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Schweitzer, Albert — born Jan. 14, 1875, Kaysersberg, Upper Alsace, Ger. died Sept. 4, 1965, Lambaréné, Gabon Alsatian born German theologian, philosopher, organist, and mission doctor. In his early years he obtained a degree in philosophy (1899) and became an… …   Universalium

  • Schweitzer, Albert — (1875–1965)    Theologian and Missionary.    Schweitzer was born in Kaiserberg, Alsace, and he was educated at Strasbourg, Berlin and Paris.    As a theologian, he is chiefly remembered for his Von Reimarus zu Wrede, translated into English as… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Schweitzer, Albert — (1887–1965) Born in Alsace; NT scholar who held that Jesus believed that he was the Messiah designate who was to herald the coming of the kingdom of God in the near future. Schweitzer held that both traditional and liberal interpretations of… …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Schweitzer,Albert — Schweit·zer (shwītʹsər, shvītʹ ), Albert. 1875 1965. French philosopher, physician, and musician who founded (1913) and spent much of his life at a missionary hospital in present day Gabon. Schweitzer was a noted organist and wrote many… …   Universalium

  • Schweitzer, Albert — ► (1875 1965) Teólogo protestante, médico y organista francés. En la República de Gabón fundó y dirigió un hospital para negros. Fue premio Nobel de la Paz en 1952, por su humanitaria labor. * * * (14 ene. 1875, Kaysersberg, Alta Alsacia,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Schweitzer, Albert —  (1875–1965) German theologian, medical missionary, philosopher, and musician. Established Lambaréné mission, French Equatorial Africa; awarded Nobel Peace Prize (1952) …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • SCHWEITZER, Albert — (1875 1965)    German musical genius, philosopher, theologian and medical doctor who established a MISSIONARY hospital in French Equatorial Africa where he labored most of his life. His major theological work The Quest of the Historical Jesus… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Schweitzer — Schweitzer, Albert …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Albert Schweitzer — (* 14. Januar 1875 in Kaysersberg im Oberelsass bei Colmar; † 4. September 1965 in Lambaréné, Gabun) war ein evangelischer The …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Albert Schweitzer — Nacim …   Wikipedia Español

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